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    Ski/Snowboard Structuring Guide

    Guide to Structuring Ski or Snowboard Bases

    Tools and Supplies Required:

    Structuring your ski or snowboard base is a crucial step in enhancing glide efficiency and maneuverability on the slopes. Here’s everything you need to know about base structuring:

    Understanding Structure:

    • Structure refers to the pattern of grooves or ridges on the base of your ski or snowboard.
    • It helps break up suction between the base and the snow, improving glide, especially in wet conditions.
    • The right structure pattern depends on factors like snow temperature, humidity, and crystal size.

    Choosing the Right Structure:

    • In cold, dry snow conditions, a fine structure with closely spaced ridges is ideal to generate friction and create water for better glide.
    • In warm, wet snow conditions, a coarser structure with wider-spaced ridges helps channel excess water away to prevent suction.
    • The size of the ridges should be smaller than the snow crystals to avoid drag.

    Types of Structure Patterns:

    • Linear structures: Straight grooves running from tip to tail, suitable for a wide range of conditions.
    • Broken linear patterns: Short, random structure lines also running straight from tip to tail.
    • Cross-hatch or diagonal structures: Intersecting patterns created by a stone grinder, preferred for specific racing disciplines like slalom and giant slalom.

    Structuring Techniques:

    • Hand structuring: Imparting a basic linear pattern at home using hand tools.
    • Stone grinding: Visiting a professional shop for a stone grind to achieve specific structure patterns.
    • Choose the appropriate structure depth based on the intended use, snow conditions, and ski/board type.

    Tips for Effective Structuring:

    • Regularly inspect the base for damage or excessive wear before structuring.
    • Maintain sharp tools to ensure clean and precise cutting or pressing of the structure.
    • Consider the temperature, humidity, and snow conditions when selecting the structure pattern.
    • Adjust the structure pattern throughout the season to adapt to changing snow conditions and temperatures.

    Structuring Wide Skis and Snowboards:

    • Shaped or powder skis and snowboards benefit from structuring to overcome greater friction and suction due to their wider forebodies.

    Structuring Depth and Durability:

    • Coarser structures are suitable for high-speed racing but avoid excessively deep patterns that may affect maneuverability.
    • Cutting in a structure is more durable than pressing it in, ensuring longer-lasting performance.
    • Regularly monitor the base structure and renew it as needed based on snow conditions and wear.

    By following these guidelines and understanding the principles of base structuring, you can optimize the performance of your ski or snowboard in various snow conditions and enjoy smoother gliding and better control on the mountain.

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